1. How do I cite in APA Style?

Here is a citation for a journal article in APA 7th edition.
Curtin, J.A., & Robinson, P.D. (2007). Blue blood. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 43(3), 184-185.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical,                      volume number(issue number), pages. https://doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyy

And a book:
American Psychological Association. (2020). Concise guide to APA style: The official APA style guide for students. American Psychological Association. 

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name.
DOI (if available)

More information

2. How Do I Cite in MLA Style?

Here are two citations for journal articles in MLA.
Gorman, David. "The Future of Literary Study: An Experiment in Guesswork". Modern Language Quarterly, vol. 72, no. 1, 2011, pp. 1-18.
Fang, Karen. “Britain’s Chinese Eye: Literature, Empire, and Aesthetics in Nineteenth-Century Britain”. Victorian Studies, vol. 53, no. 4, 2011, pp. 751-3. Academic Search Complete. 27 Oct. 2015.

And a book:
MLA Handbook. 8th ed. The Modern Language Association, 2016.
Call number: REF Z253.G53 2016.

More information

3. How do I cite in my paper or project?

Paraphrase or summarize a thought by rewriting it in your own words. You will still need to cite it, but not as a quote.

Example: In a test of 21 “normal” volunteers, the University of Kentucky study found that neither, Echocardiography or magnetic resonance imaging expose the patient to ionizing radiation. 1 (p.1374)

You can also quote a resource. Depending on the length of the quote and the citation style you are using you may need to separate quoted text from the rest of your document.

Example: “Cardiac chambers and vascular structures were clearly defined with both echocardiography and gated magnetic resonance imaging during systole and diastole in all volunteers” 1(p.1372)

It is common to use a combination of these techniques in your projects.

More Information

4. How do I pick a topic?

There are many ways to pick a topic, A good paper or project often comes from a topic that interests you. Try some of these suggestions:

  • Look through a general source such as an encyclopedia
  • Brainstorm things that interest you
  • Look through the class text for something of interest
  • Flip through some journals relevant to the topic
  • Talk to your professor and classmates
Watch a brief video for more information

5. What should I consider when evaluating my sources?


This is the first check when evaluating your sources, and probably something you are doing already. Make sure the source has something to do with your topic. If you are doing a project on early detection of heart murmurs, you would not cite The Oxford Guide to Library Research. The electronic resources, Library catalog, and search engines you use will start this process for you when you enter your subject or keywords. You can increase the relevancy of articles you are finding by using a few search techniques.


The date of creation or publication of the resource could be very important depending on your topic. If you are researching the history of a topic older resources may work perfectly fine. However, if you want the newest technique, you will also want the latest resources available.


There are many types of resources you can use. These get into more detail than book or periodical, and each one may be a little different than the last. 


See who wrote and who published the resource. Authors and creators tend to leave their opinions in their research whether they intent to or not. As for publishers, some specialty publishers and organizations look for materials that align with their beliefs. An example would be the Christian Science Monitor, or the National Rifle Association.

Search FAQs

Browse FAQs by Subject
Browse FAQs by Collection